What is 5G Network – Everything You need to Know

Filed in Telecoms by on January 20, 2023 0 Comments

What is 5G Network – Everything You need to Know


What is 5G Network – Everything You need to Know


The fifth generation of mobile technology, or 5G, is what will ultimately replace 4G globally. 5G may offer a faster, more responsive, and all-around better experience for customers and companies. What does that actually mean? speedier photo or video uploads even while connected in crowded places. Additionally, downloading might be speedier. In the case of residential internet, this entails switching from fiber-optic cable to a quick wireless connection that enters through your window.


The biggest difference between 4G and 5G is latency. 5G promises low latency under 5 milliseconds, while 4G latency ranges from 60 ms to 98 ms. In addition, with lower latency comes advancements in other areas, such as faster download speeds. Potential download speeds.

In an ideal society, each generation builds on the best traits of the ones before it and flourishes in ways that earlier generations couldn’t. In some ways, difficulties brought about by older generations are addressed by younger generations.

Generations of cellular technology and mobile networking should pay particular attention to this. Comparing fourth-generation wireless to fifth-generation wireless, 5G seeks to not only improve upon 4G network capabilities but also reach and surpass 4G’s objectives for general speeds, latency, and density.

Numerous networking trends were developed during the 4G era, including the expansion of the Internet of Things, the rise of smartphones, and the use of mobile and remote workforces. The 2010s saw a significant advancement in these trends, necessitating the support of faster speeds and higher cell densities. Here comes 5G, which many commentators believe will solve the problems that 4G caused.

However, before businesses adopt 5G, they must comprehend the variations between 4G and 5G network designs and assess how each architecture can impact daily operations. This article delves deeply into those variations and explores the implications for organizations around the world of these significant distinctions.



LTE, 4G, 5G and 4G Variations

defining the variations between LTE, 4G, and 5G 4G. The fourth generation of mobile network technology, or 4G, is the forerunner to 5G. The most recent and cutting-edge version of cellular technology to become widely used was 4G in the 2010s. Improved VoIP capabilities, more bandwidth, and increased cell density were just a few of the 4G promises.

LTE. During the time that 4G ruled, Long-Term Evolution was created as a 4G standard. The foundation for 5G networks is laid by LTE, which is the de facto international standard for cellular broadband. Different traffic types are supported by 4G and LTE, something that past generations had trouble with and which 5G must now better.

5G. The most recent iteration of cellular network technology is fifth-generation wireless. Early, modest deployments started in the late 2010s, but 5G won’t be widely available until the middle of the 2020s. Faster network speeds and real-time communication capabilities are two of 5G’s marketed advantages.



How does 5G function?

Network slicing, orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM), and huge multiple input, multiple output are just a few of the new features and capabilities that come with 5G.

In addition to replacing LTE, 5G also brings a new standard dubbed 5G New Radio (NR). The finest aspects of LTE will be built upon by 5G NR, which will also bring new advantages like improved connection and greater energy savings for connected devices.

In addition, 5G can use the millimeter wave (mmWave) high-frequency spectrum, which has wavelengths between 30 GHz and 300 GHz as opposed to 4G LTE’s less than 6 GHz. The mmWave spectrum makes new small cell base stations necessary for 5G to operate and function.



The following are some of the main distinctions between 4G and 5G network architecture:

  • latency
  • potential download speeds
  • base stations
  • OFDM encoding
  • cell density


4G vs 5G comparing bandwidth, speed, and latency

Latency. The most significant distinction between 4G and 5G is latency. While 4G latency ranges from 60 to 98 milliseconds, 5G promises low latency of less than 5 milliseconds. Additionally, improvements in other fields, such faster download rates, follow lower latency.

possible download rates. While 4G brought a variety of VoIP capabilities, 5G expands and improves on previous claims of fast potential download rates. The highest download speed for 5G is intended to be 10 times faster than that of 4G, which reached 1 Gbps.

station bases. The most typical base station needed to transmit signals is another important distinction between 4G and 5G. Similar to its predecessors, 4G uses cell towers to carry signals. Carriers will roll out high-band 5G in small cells approximately the size of pizza boxes over numerous places, but 5G utilizes small cell technology because of its greater speeds and mmWave frequency bands. Cell towers will continue to be utilized by 5G for its lower frequency spectrums.

Because of the mmWave frequency, carriers are forced to set up small cells in numerous locations. Although mmWave operates at a higher frequency than cellular technology has up to this point, its transmissions are weaker and cover less ground. To guarantee that customers and businesses receive the signals, small cell sites must be installed often in 5G-capable locations.

Encoding with OFDM To reduce interference and increase bandwidth, various wireless signals are divided into independent channels using OFDM. Because OFDM encrypts data on various frequencies, this can speed up downloads on 4G and 5G networks because they would no longer be sharing a signal channel. While 5G will use 100 MHz to 800 MHz channels, 4G uses 20 MHz channels.

cell volume. Small cell technology enables 5G to increase network capacity and cell density. Although 4G made similar claims, 5G will ideally fulfill the gaps left by 4G since the latter never fully achieved its lofty general speed goals. Increased mobile device and connection capacity will result from 5G networks having the potential to accommodate more users and connected devices.

Despite the proclaimed improvements of 5G, its promises won’t materialize right away. Carriers will need time to fix any issues and inconsistencies that 5G can bring along. Network engineer Lee Badman advised organizations against expecting the best of the best right away.


The reality of 5G vs. expectations

Early technology promises cannot always be relied on. Organizations looking to compare the differences between 4G and 5G for their network design should take a step back and consider what 4G promised, what 4G actually delivers, and what this could indicate for the reality of 5G. According to Badman, caution is essential because goals may not always materialize in the real world.

According to Badman, one 4G target was to achieve widespread speeds ranging from 100 Mbps to 1 Gbps. In actuality, these speeds ranged between 7 to 43 Mbps on average. This is not to say that 4G is terrible or that the initial intentions were deceptive. Instead, these objectives lay the basis for what 5G should and could do. For example, 5G’s download speeds and low latency aims are an extension of 4G’s initial ambitions.

However, as Badman predicted, 5G would not achieve all of its objectives on day one. These accomplishments may take years or may not occur at all. Organizations and network teams must recognize that the aspirations and realities of 4G and 5G are mutually exclusive.

While 5G may improve operations, it may not satisfy expectations immediately. Despite this, 5G has the ability to improve operations and address flaws that 4G failed to address. It remains to be seen how 5G will accomplish this on a long-term, global scale.


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